Security and security guard are two closely related concepts, but they have important differences in the context of protection and security. The following is a brief introduction to the difference between security and security guards:
- Security (Security) : Security is a broader concept that includes everything related to security protection, monitoring and management in various environments. This includes the use of technology, procedures, personnel, and other resources to keep assets, information, and people safe.
- Security Guard: Security guard, short for Security Unit, refers to an individual or group of people responsible for maintaining security and order in a particular location. They usually act as physical supervisors and implementers of security policies in workplaces, housing, shopping centers, or other places that require a physical security presence.
Role and Responsibilities:
- Security: The security team or security department is responsible for designing, implementing and managing the broader security strategy. They may use technology such as CCTV, alarms, access control, and security software to support security objectives.
- Security Guards: Security guards have a more direct role in maintaining the physical security of a place. They carry out patrols, check identification, answer emergency calls, and deal with security situations directly. Security guards usually work under the supervision of a security team or security company.
Education and Training:
- Security: Security professionals generally require specialized education and training in the security field, such as security certification or a related degree.
- Security Guard: Security guards often may take basic security training, but they may not need the same level of education as security professionals.
Relationships with Authorities:
- Security: Security teams usually have closer ties with police authorities or law enforcement agencies in dealing with crimes or serious security incidents.
- Security Guards: Security guards generally work under local authority or workplace management and usually do not have the same law enforcement powers as the police.
- Security: The focus is on protecting systems, assets and information that may be targets of cybercrime, internal threats, or other business risks.
- Security Guards: They focus on physical protection against intrusion, crime, or disruption in the physical environment.
Even though there are differences between security and security guards, both have an important role in maintaining security and order in various places. Security and security guards often work together to create a solid layer of security to protect people, assets, the physical environment and information.
To understand more about the differences between security and security guards. So you can read a more detailed explanation regarding the differences between security and security guards below.
What is security and what is a security guard?
Let’s look at the basic definitions of these two concepts:
Basic Definition: Security is the efforts and steps taken to protect assets, information, resources, people and the physical environment from various threats and risks that may arise. The goal is to maintain security, prevent loss, and ensure continued safe operations.
Main Elements: Security includes technical aspects (such as the use of security systems, security hardware, and software), physical aspects (such as access control, surveillance cameras, and other physical devices), procedures (security policies, training, and incident response), and risk management (risk identification, evaluation, and control) .
Security Guard (Security Unit):
Basic Definition: Security guards are individuals or groups of people assigned to maintain security and order in a certain location or area. Their duties involve patrolling, monitoring, and enforcing security regulations in the physical environment.
Primary Roles: Security guards serve as physical supervisors who monitor activities in the workplace , housing, shopping centers, or other places. They can identify potential threats, respond to minor incidents, and ensure that security regulations are followed.
So, in summary, security is a more broad which includes everything related to protection and security, while security guards are individuals or groups who are physically responsible for maintaining security in a certain place. Security guards are one component that can be involved in larger security efforts.
Each Duties and Responsibilities
Let’s discuss the main roles, duties and responsibilities of each security and security guards in more detail:
Main Security Roles:
- Security Designer: The security team is responsible for designing a comprehensive security strategy to protect assets, information and people. They analyze risks, identify potential threats, and develop mitigation plans.
- Technology Users: Security uses technology such as CCTV, alarm systems, access control, and security software to monitor and manage security.
- Security Management: They formulate and enforce security policies throughout the organization, including access policies, handling sensitive data, and handling security incidents.
- Security Training and Awareness: Conduct security training for employees and maintain security awareness throughout the organization.
- Incident Response: Handle serious security incidents, such as breaches data or serious threats to company security. They can collaborate with law enforcement authorities.
Duties and Responsibilities of Security Guards (Security Unit):
- Patrol and Surveillance:Security guards carry out routine patrols in the areas they guard to ensure there is no suspicious activity. They monitor CCTV, entrances and other areas in real time.
- Access Control: They check identification and grant access permissions to people who have the right to enter certain areas. This involves controlling physical access.
- Response to Emergency Situations: If a security incident or emergency situation occurs, security guards are responsible for responding. They can call for further assistance or provide first aid.
- Regulation Enforcement: They maintain order by enforcing existing security regulations in their area. This includes ensuring that guests or employees follow established rules and procedures.
- Reporting and Documentation: Security guards often have to make reports about suspicious activities, incidents, or violations of security regulations.
It is important to note that the roles and responsibilities of security guards may differ depending on the type of location or environment in which they work, such as housing, shopping centers, entertainment venues, or workplaces. Security and security guards often have to work together and coordinate to create layers of security that are effective in protecting people, assets and the physical environment.
Qualifications and Training
Qualifications and training for human resources (HR) is very important in ensuring that the HR department can carry out its duties effectively and professionally. Here are some commonly sought qualifications and types of training required for roles in the HR department:
Qualifications for HR Roles:
- Most HR roles require a bachelor’s degree in a field such as human resources management (HRM), business, psychology, or a related discipline.
- A master’s degree or certificate in HRM or related disciplines may be a plus.
- HR Knowledge:
- Have a strong understanding of resource management principles human resources, employment law, and business ethics.
- Communication Skills:
- Ability to communicate well, both in writing and verbal, is important in interacting with employees and management.
- Analytical Skills:
- Ability to analyze data, conduct performance assessments , and making decisions based on evidence are valuable skills in HR.
- Managerial Abilities:
- Have effective management abilities to managing HR teams and HR-related projects.
- Strategic Thinking Ability:
- Ability to think long term and design strategies HR that supports business goals is a valuable asset.
- Accuracy and Accuracy:
- Errors in HR administration can have a big impact. Therefore, precision and accuracy in work is very necessary.
Training Required for HR Roles:
- Employment Law Training:
- Training on applicable employment law to ensure company compliance with applicable regulations.
- HR Technology Training:
- Know and use HR management software and systems (HRIS) used in HR administration.
- Communication Skills Training:
- Training to improve communication skills in speaking, writing and listening.
- Employee Development Training:
- How to design and manage employee development and performance evaluation programs.
- Conflict Management Training:
- Skills to handle conflicts between employees or between employees and management.
- Diversity and Inclusion Training:
- Understand diversity and inclusion issues in the workplace and how to create an inclusive environment.
- Business Ethics Training:
- Understand appropriate business ethics and work ethics in human resource management.
In addition to formal qualifications and training, work experience in the field can also be an asset valuable in an HR career. The HR department has a key role in supporting company culture, managing employee performance, and addressing various workforce issues. Therefore, high-quality human resources are essential for the success and growth of a company.
Authority and Authority
Authority and authority are two concepts that are often used together, but they have distinct differences important in the context of authority and decision making. The following are the differences between authority and authority:
- Authority: Authority is the right or power given to a particular individual or entity to make decisions, give orders, or control other actions in a context certain. This includes the right to issue orders, grant permission, or authorize actions.
- Authority: Authority is the scope of responsibility, control, or authority granted to an individual or entity to perform an action, make decisions, or carry out certain functions. This includes the boundaries and scope of tasks assigned to a person or an organization.
- Authority: Authority is usually granted by laws, regulations, organizational structures, or parties who have the authority to grant it. For example, a manager has the authority to make decisions regarding the tasks and teams he leads.
- Authority: Authority can come from authority, but can also be the result of assignments, contracts , or other agreements. For example, a worker has the authority to carry out certain tasks according to his job description.
- Authority: Authority is usually broader in scope and can cover various aspects of decisions and actions within an organization or entity.
- Authority: Authority can be more specific in scope and focused on a particular task, function, or responsibility.
4. Levels of Control:
- Authority: Authority often corresponds to higher levels of control in an organizational hierarchy. For example, executive authority in a company has the authority to make strategic decisions.
- Authority: Authority can be given to various levels in the organization, including lower levels, according to duties and responsibilities given.
- Authority: Authority can be fixed or change over time in accordance with changes in organizational structure or applicable laws.
- Authority: Authority can be temporary or permanent depending on existing needs and agreements.
In practice, authority and power often work together, where authority grants rights to individuals or entities, and authority determines the scope of duties and responsibilities that can be performed by those given authority. Both are important in managing and organizing activities in an organization or system.
Scope of Work
The scope of work of security (security) and security guards (security units) includes various daily activities aimed at maintaining physical security and asset protection in a given environment. The following are some daily activities that are generally carried out by security and security guards:
Daily Security Activities:
CCTV Monitoring: Security usually monitors CCTV (Closed-Circuit Television) systems to monitor activity in the areas they guard. They can detect suspicious activity or potential security issues.
Identification Check: Checks the identification of people entering a guarded area to ensure that only authorized people who can access it. This includes monitoring entrances and checking access cards.
Routine Patrols: Security often carries out routine patrols throughout the areas they guard. This patrol aims to demonstrate their presence, prevent criminal acts, and provide a quick response if there is an incident.
Incident Response: If a security incident occurs, such as theft, acts of vandalism, or violations of regulations, security acts quickly to deal with it. They can call for help if necessary and cooperate with law enforcement.
Access Control: Security controls access to restricted areas and monitors who goes in and out . They may also supervise visitors or guests to ensure that they follow applicable procedures.
Enforcement of Security Regulations: Ensure that everyone in the guarded area follows established security regulations, such as not carrying weapons or dangerous items.
Security Equipment Maintenance: Carrying out maintenance on security devices such as alarms, cameras and equipment other things to ensure that everything is working properly.
Reporting and Documentation: Security often has to create reports about their activities, including incidents, breaches, or suspicious action. This documentation is important for tracking incidents and providing evidence if necessary.
Daily Activities of Security Guards (Security Unit):
Guest and Visitor Supervision: Security guards are tasked with welcoming guests or visitors, checking their identification, and providing the necessary information.
Access Control: Security guards control physical access to certain areas, such as housing, shopping centers, or workplaces. They ensure that only authorized people can enter.
Security Patrol: Similar to security, security guards also carry out patrols to monitor and maintain security in the area they are on guard.
Handling Emergency Situations: If an emergency situation occurs such as a fire, medical, or accident, the security guard is often the first person to provide rescue assistance first and call for further assistance.
Traffic Safety: If the guarded area involves vehicular traffic, security guards can help direct traffic and ensure safety road users.
Cleanliness Maintenance: Some security guards are also responsible for maintaining the cleanliness of their area, such as cleaning the lobby or courtyard.
Coordination with Security: Security guards often have to coordinate with the security team if there is a situation that requires a greater security response.
Reporting and Documentation: Like security, security guards must also make reports about their activities, especially if there are incidents or violations.
The role of security and security guards is often complement each other in maintaining security in various environments, and these two groups work together to ensure effective protection of the assets and people they serve.
Security and security guards have an important role in handling various types of security incidents in the environments they guard. The way they handle such incidents may differ depending on the type of incident and the procedures the organization has established. The following are general steps that can be taken by security and security guards in handling incidents:
1. Incident Evaluation and Recognition:
- The first step is to identify the incident and evaluate its severity. This may involve CCTV monitoring, response to alarms, or reports from employees or visitors.
2. Quick Response:
- If an incident is considered serious or requires immediate action, security or security guards will respond quickly. This may include:
- Calling additional help if needed, such as police, firefighters, or emergency medical services.
- Providing first aid if someone is injured or in danger.
- Control the situation to prevent the situation from getting worse.
- Security or security guards must maintain effective communication during an incident. This includes communicating with law enforcement officials when necessary, providing directions to bystanders, and reporting the situation accurately.
4. Law Enforcement:
- If the incident involves criminal activity, security and security guards can work with law enforcement officers to collect evidence, provide testimony, and assist in the arrest of the perpetrator.
5. Evacuation and Area Securing:
- In situations such as fire, natural disaster, or bomb threat, security and security guards can assist in evacuating people from dangerous areas and securing the area to prevent access which is invalid.
6. Evidence Collection:
- If the incident involves a violation of the law or a serious security problem, security and security guards can collect evidence, such as CCTV footage or incident reports, which will be used in further investigations.
7. Handling Perpetrators:
- If there are perpetrators of an incident, security and security guards can take the necessary actions to stop their actions, such as detaining the perpetrator or providing a report to law enforcement officers.
8. Reporting and Documentation:
- After the incident is resolved, security and security guards must make a complete and accurate report about the incident. This report may be used for post-incident evaluation, development of security procedures, or legal purposes.
9. Post-Incident Evaluation:
- After the incident is over, security and security guards can hold an evaluation meeting to discuss what happened, what can be improved, and whether there are lessons to be learned for improve security in the future.
It is important to note that incident handling procedures may vary depending on the type of incident, location, and organizational policies. Speed and professionalism in handling incidents is key to minimizing potential losses and ensuring optimal security and protection for all parties involved.
Asset protection is one of the key roles of security (security) and security guards (security units) in maintaining physical security and protecting property and people in various environments. The following is their role in protecting these assets:
Role in Protecting Property:
Physical Monitoring: Security and security guards monitor physical property, such as buildings, structures and equipment, to detect suspicious activity or physical threats. This includes CCTV monitoring, regular patrols and security checks.
Access Control: They control physical access to certain areas, ensuring that only people authorities who can enter it. This includes checking identification and monitoring entrances.
Security: Security and security guards function as physical guards who can patrol the property, creating a visible presence shows that the property is under surveillance, and provides deterrence against criminal activity.
Incident Response: If a criminal act or threat to property occurs, security and security guards respond quickly to stop suspicious activity and provide reports to authorities.
Physical Security Maintenance: They ensure that physical security equipment such as alarms, the access control system and electronic locks function properly and undergo routine maintenance.
Coordination with Law Enforcement: If necessary, security and security guards cooperate with law enforcement to assist in the investigation of crimes or illegal acts involving property.
Role in Protecting People:
Personal Security: Security and security guards provide physical protection for people who work or live in the environment they guard. They can help in emergency situations and provide a sense of security for individuals.
Handling Emergency Situations: If an emergency situation occurs such as a fire, earthquake, or threat regarding human safety, security and security guards act to provide first aid and organize safe evacuation.
Access Control: They ensure that only authorized people enter can enter the area, which helps prevent threats to humans inside.
Providing Information and Assistance: Security and security guards can provide information and assistance to visitors or guests who need direction or assistance in the environment.
Conflict Prevention: They act as mediators in resolving conflicts between individuals, thereby reducing the potential threats to human security.
Emergency Reporting and Communication: If an emergency situation occurs, security and security guards have the communication and reporting skills necessary to summon medical assistance , firefighters, or law enforcement.
Protection of assets and people is the main focus of security and security guards, and they play a role in creating a safe and secure environment for individuals and property. they serve. This involves physical surveillance, preventive measures, incident response, and collaboration with the various parties involved in maintaining security.
Engagement with Technology
Engagement with technology is an important part of the security role (security) and security guards (security unit) in maintaining physical security and asset protection. However, there are differences in the use of technological tools and systems between these two groups. Here are the differences:
Use of Technology in a Security Role:
CCTV Monitoring: Security usually has access and responsibility for monitoring CCTV (Closed-Circuit Television) systems. They use surveillance cameras to observe activities in the various areas they guard. This helps in detecting threats and suspicious actions.
Alarm Systems: Security is responsible for the operation and monitoring of alarm systems connected to the building or guarded area . This includes door, window, or gate alarm systems that detect intrusions or suspicious activity.
Access Control Systems: They manage the access control systems that enable setting who has permission to enter a particular area. This often involves the use of access cards, electronic keys, or biometric identification technology.
Security Surveillance Devices: Security may use security surveillance devices, such as detection devices metal or other security equipment, to check the luggage of visitors or guests.
Security Software: They use security software to manage data, incident reporting , and security analysis. This includes the use of security management software and analytical software.
Use of Technology in the Security Guard Role:
Monitoring and Reporting: Security guards can use mobile devices, such as cell phones or radio communications, to communicate with other security guard teams and report incidents or emergency situations.
Emergency Communication Systems: They can use emergency communication systems, such as emergency call alarms or emergency buttons, to provide a quick response in emergency situations.
Physical Security Equipment: Security guards use physical equipment such as flashlights, security batons, or personal protective equipment (PPE) as needed to protect themselves and others.
Visual Monitoring: In some situations, security guards may use visual monitoring equipment such as body cameras or handheld cameras to record situations or interactions with visitors.
Identification Technology: They may use identification technology, such as barcode or QR scanning devices, to verify the identification or permission of guests or visitors.
Mobile App Use: Security guards can also use mobile apps to receive assignments, report incidents, or access important information they need in their duties.
While both groups use technology in their work, the difference lies in the type of technology used and how it supports their role in maintaining security and protection. Security tends to use more complex and integrated technology, while security guards usually use simpler technological equipment that is more suited to their responsibilities.
Cooperation with Authorities
Cooperation with authorities, including law enforcement and other related parties, is an important aspect in the role of security (security) and security guard (security unit). This collaboration aims to maintain security, resolve incidents, and protect the assets and individuals they serve. The following are several ways how security and security guards can work together with authorities and other related parties:
1. Cooperation with Law Enforcement:
Incident Reporting: When a security incident or criminal act occurs, security and security guards must immediately report it to law enforcement. This includes calling the police or other authorities, and providing a detailed report of what happened.
Cooperation in Investigation: They can cooperate with law enforcement in the investigation process to provide evidence, information, or testimony that can help in resolving the case.
Handling Crisis Situations: In emergency or crisis situations , security and security guards can work together with law enforcement to plan and implement emergency responses, including evacuation or securing the area.
2. Collaboration with Other Related Parties:
Crisis Management: Security and security guards are often involved in crisis management teams that involve various departments in the organization, including communications, human resources, and senior management.They contribute to response planning to major incidents or corporate crises.
Emergency Medical Services: In medical situations emergencies, such as injury or sudden illness, security and security guards can work together with emergency medical services to provide first aid and summon medical assistance.
Special Event Security:
Special Event Security:Security and security guards can work with organizers of special events, such as concerts or large gatherings, to manage security at those locations and ensure that guests and event attendees remain safe.
External Security Consultants: In some cases, organizations may contract external security consultants or private security agencies to assist with security evaluations, training, or maintenance